عنوان مقاله [English]
Consumption of manure from livestock and human health aspect and their utilization as fuel,
animal feed and fertilizer are important. Due to the domination of livestock farming system, limited number of animals and lack of chemical fertilizer in the traditional agriculture, consumption of animal manure in the agricultural land of country was in an efficient way. Introduction of chemical fertilizers with their rapid impact have caused to the reduction of animal manure consumption. By emerge of chemical fertilizer’s side effects, restriction of their supply and better understanding of animal manure effects on soil fertility, application of manure has been increased recently. To apply research results of manure consumption on soil fertility and crop production in the field and take them into future research program this research was carried out. The result showed that most of past research has examined the effects of animal manure on crop yield and physical, chemical, and biological characteristics of soils. One main task of future research is to find a ways to increase supply nutrient efficiency of livestock manure consumption in the Integrated Soil Fertility Management (ISFM) paradigm. This research review revealed that collection, translocation and processing of manure to be ready for the consumption in the field were ignored in the research agenda.So, it is essential for soil and animal scientists to work jointly to select best possible options for efficient manure management. Due to decrease of greenhouse gas emissions, water and soil pollution this research strategy will satisfy stakeholders who are interested to protect environment.